Hua Miao spirit worship.

Compiled by Wang Ming-ji


Wang Ming-jiís manuscript comprises some thirty pages of writing. For the purpose of the present transcription and translation it has been divided up, taking a few paragraphs at a time. This applies particularly to Section II, the worship of the Spirit Zu-gi-za and the ancestors.

The document begins with a list of the spirits worshipped. We are told that numbers ten and eleven did not really count as spirit worship. Spirits were, nevertheless, involved and rituals performed under the direction of the shaman-healer, so that it is not quite clear why they should not be included, and, in fact, Wang Ming-ji gives a full description of the procedures followed just as he did with all the rest.

Literal Transcription

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